Spirochete, Animal

Validation Stain: Steiner-Steiner Modified Silver
Other Applicable Stains: Warthin Starry and Dieterle

 

Tissue: 
(+) Animal Organ
Adhesive or Charged Slides: 
Superfrost +

Product Options:

Part # 4660A 10/Set $53.00
Part # 4660B 98/Set $372.30

PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS:

Tissue:  Positive staining animal organ.

Fixation: Formalin 10%, Phosphate Buffered (Part 1090).

Section/Glass: Paraffin sections cut at 4 microns on Superfrost™ Plus slides.

Quality Control Stain:  Steiner-Steiner Modified quality control stained slide(s) included.

Reactivity: Guaranteed product specific reactivity for one year from date of receipt. Revalidate after one year to verify continued reactivity. 

Storage: 15-30°C in a light deprived and humidity controlled environment.

Intended Use: To verify histological techniques and reagent reactivity.

Before using unstained control slides, review the enclosed stained slide(s) to ensure that this tissue source is acceptable for testing needs.

 

CONTROL SLIDE VALIDATION:

With Steiner-Steiner Modified Silver Stain Kit:  Part 9171A Individual Stain Solution
Solution A: Uranyl Nitrate 1%, Aqueous 250 ml Part 14036
Solution B: Silver Nitrate 1%, Aqueous 250 ml Part 13804
Solution C: Gum Mastic 2.5%, Alcoholic 350 ml Part 1145
Ingredient D: Hydroquinone, Powder 5 grams Part 12089

                                                             

APPLICATION:

Newcomer Supply Spirochete, Animal Control Slides are for the positive histochemical staining of spirochetes, the causative agent of a variety of diseases such as; syphilis, bejel, pinta, yaws and lyme.

 

PRESTAINING PREPARATION:

    1. Heat dry sections in oven according to your laboratory protocol.
    2. All glassware/plasticware must be acid cleaned prior to use.
      1. See Procedure Notes #1 and #2.
    3. Preheat Solution A: Uranyl Nitrate 1%, Aqueous to 60°C in a water bath. Save for Step #9.
    4. Preheat Solution B: Silver Nitrate 1%, Aqueous to 60°C in a water bath. Save for Step #11.
    5. Prepare Hydroquinone Solution; combine and mix well.
      1. Ingredient D: Hydroquinone, Powder            5 gm                                                                                               (or one rounded scoop with reusable mini sampling spoon)
      2. Distilled Water                 25 ml
    1. Prepare fresh Reducing Solution by combining in order listed.
      1. Hydroquinone Solution (Step #5) 25 ml
      2. Solution C: Gum Mastic 2.5%, Alcoholic         15 ml
      3. Solution B: Silver Nitrate 1%, Aqueous 6 ml
      4. Solution will turn milky white after addition of Gum Mastic.
      5. Preheat solution in 45°C water bath. Save for Step #15.
    2. Do not preheat solutions if using Microwave Modifications.

 

STAINING PROCEDURE:

    1. Deparaffinize sections thoroughly in three changes of xylene, 3 minutes each. Hydrate through two changes each of 100% and 95% ethyl alcohols, 10 dips each.  Wash well with distilled water.
      1. See Procedure Note #3.
    2. Sensitize in preheated Solution A: Uranyl Nitrate 1%, Aqueous (Step #3) for 10 minutes in a 60°C water bath.

        Microwave Modification: See Procedure Note #4.

        1. Place slides in a plastic Coplin jar with Solution A: Uranyl Nitrate 1%, Aqueous. Microwave at 70°C for 1 minute.
    1. Rinse well in several changes of distilled water.
    2. Place slides in preheated Solution B: Silver Nitrate 1%, Aqueous (Step #4) and incubate in a 60°C water bath for 15 minutes.

        Microwave Modification:

        1. Place slides in a plastic Coplin jar with Solution B: Silver Nitrate 1%, Aqueous. Microwave at 70°C for 1 minute.
        2. Remove from microwave, cover and let sit for 1 minute.
    1. Rinse well in several changes of distilled water.
      1. Excessive rinsing may cause nucleus to pick up silver.
    1. Dip 5 times in two changes each of 95% and 100% ethyl alcohols.
    2. Place in Solution C: Gum Mastic 2.5%, Alcoholic for 3 minutes.
    3. Place slides in preheated Reducing Solution (Step #6) in 45°C water bath for 10-30 minutes with frequent agitation. Examine microscopically after 10 minutes of incubation.
      1. Check microscopically by dipping slide in 100% alcohol.
      2. Review for desired staining results.
      3. If necessary, return to warm solution; check every 2-5 minutes until desired result is achieved.

        Microwave Modification: 

      1. Place slides in a plastic Coplin jar with Reducing Solution. Microwave at 70°C for 1 minute. Remove from microwave.
      2. Pipette solution twice with plastic pipette to evenly distribute heated solution.
      3. Cover and let sit for 1 minute.
      4. Check microscopically by dipping slide in 100% alcohol.
      5. Review for desired staining results.
      6. If necessary, return to warm solution, check every 1 minute until desired results are achieved.
    1. Directly dehydrate in two changes of 100% ethyl alcohol. Clear in three changes of xylene, 10 dips each; coverslip with compatible mounting medium.

 

RESULTS:

Spirochetes Dark brown to black
Background Golden brown

 

PROCEDURE NOTES:

    1. Acid clean all glassware/plasticware (Part 12086) and rinse thoroughly in several changes of distilled water.
    2. Plastic (Part 5500), plastic-tipped or paraffin coated metal forceps must be used with any silver solution to prevent precipitation of silver salts. No metals of any kind should be in contact with any silver solution. Only glass thermometers should be used.
    3. Drain slides after each step to prevent solution carry over.
    4. The suggested microwave procedure has been tested at Newcomer Supply.  This procedure is a guideline and techniques should be developed for your laboratory.
    5. If using a xylene substitute, follow manufacturer’s recommendation for deparaffinization and clearing steps.

 

REFERENCES:

    1. Garvey, Winsome. “Some Favorite Silver Stains.” The Journal of Histotechnology 3 (1996): 269-278.
    2. Luna, Lee G. Histopathologic Methods and Color Atlas of Special Stains and Tissue Artifacts. Gaitheresburg, MD: American Histolabs, 1992. 218-219.
    3. Steiner, Gabriel, and Grete Steiner. “New Simple Silver Stain for Demonstration of Bacteria, Spirochetes and Fungi in Sections of Paraffin Embedded Tissue Blocks.” Journal of Laboratory Clinical Medicine 29 (1944). 868-871.
    4. Swisher, Billie. “Modified Steiner Procedure for Microwave Staining of Spirochetes and Nonfilamentous Bacteria.” The Journal of Histotechnology4 (1987): 241-243.
    5. Modifications developed by Newcomer Supply Laboratory.