Fungus, GMS, Multi-Tissue, Artificial

Fungus, GMS, Multi-Tissue, Artificial Stained Histology Slide

Validation Stain: Grocott Methenamine Silver (GMS)

The Aspergillus and Candida Tissues are not in human tissue. Organisms artificially introduced into a rat organ (e.g., lung) through a non-infective process.

(+) Aspergillus Rat Lung (+) Candida Rat Lung (+) Histoplasma Animal
Adhesive or Charged Slides: 
Superfrost +

Product Options:

Part # 4235A 10/set $87.80
Part # 4235B 98/set $625.70


Tissue:  Positive staining Aspergillus rat lung, positive staining Candida rat lung, and positive staining Histoplasma animal tissue.
Fixation: Formalin 10%, Phosphate Buffered (Part 1090).
Section/Glass: Paraffin sections cut at 4 microns on Superfrost™ Plus slides.
Quality Control Stain:  Grocott Methenamine Silver quality control stained slide(s) included.
Reactivity: Guaranteed product specific reactivity for one year from date of receipt. Revalidate after one year to verify continued reactivity. 
Storage: 15-30°C in a light deprived and humidity controlled environment.
Intended Use: To verify histological techniques and reagent reactivity.

Before using unstained control slides, review the enclosed stained slide(s) to ensure that this tissue source is acceptable for testing needs.



With Fungus, Grocott Methenamine Silver (GMS) Stain Kit: Part 9121A/B Individual Stain Solution
Solution A: Chromic Acid 5%, Aqueous 250/500 ml Part 10341
Solution B: Sodium Bisulfite 1%, Aqueous 250/500 ml Part 13821
Solution C: Silver Nitrate 125/250 ml Part 1142
Solution D: Methenamine Borate 125/250 ml Part 1142
Solution E: Gold Chloride 0.1%, Aqueous 250/500 ml Part 11285
Solution F: Sodium Thiosulfate 2%, Aqueous 250/500 ml Part 13888
Solution G: Light Green SF Yellowish Stain 0.2%, Aqueous 250/500 ml Part 12202



Newcomer Supply Fungus, GMS, Multi-Tissue, Artificial Control Slides, use a variety of lung tissue sources for the positive histochemical staining of Aspergillus sp., Candida sp., and organisms exhibiting morphology consistent with Histoplasma sp. in separate tissue sections.

Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida albicans purchased from Remel Microbiology Products are used to produce the positive control tissue.



    1. Heat dry sections in oven according to your laboratory protocol.
    2. All glassware/plasticware must be acid cleaned prior to use.
        1. See Procedure Notes #1 and #2.
    3. Prepare Silver-Methenamine Working Solution and mix well:
        1. Solution C: Silver Nitrate 20 ml
        2. Solution D: Methenamine Borate 20 ml
    4. Preheat Silver-Methenamine Working Solution to 45°C-60°C in a water bath approximately 20 to 30 minutes before use.
        1. See Procedure Note #3.
        2. Do not preheat if using Microwave Modification; Step 11.



    1. Deparaffinize sections thoroughly in three changes of xylene, 3 minutes each. Hydrate through two changes each of 100% and 95% ethyl alcohols, 10 dips each.  Wash well with distilled water.
        1. See Procedure Notes #4 and #5.
    2. Oxidize in Solution A: Chromic Acid 5%, Aqueous for 1 hour.

        Microwave Modification: See Procedure Note #6.

        1. Microwave Solution A: Chromic Acid 5%, Aqueous without slides in a plastic Coplin jar (Part 5184) for 1 minute at 60°C. Add slides to heated Solution A and oxidize for 10 minutes.
    1. Wash well in running tap water; rinse in distilled water.
    2. Place in Solution B: Sodium Bisulfite 1%, Aqueous for 1 minute.
    3. Wash for 5 minutes in running tap water; rinse well in distilled water.
    4. Incubate slides in preheated Silver-Methenamine Working Solution (Step #4) at 45°C-60°C or at room temperature, for 12-18 minutes until sections appear paper-bag brown.
        1. Periodically remove control, rinse in warm distilled water, check microscopically for adequate silver impregnation. Fungi should be dark brown.
        2. If organisms are not sufficiently dark, return slides to warm silver solution. Recheck at 2-3 minute intervals until desired intensity is achieved.
        3. Staining at room temperature will require longer incubation.

Microwave Modification:

        1. Incubate slides in a plastic Coplin jar containing Silver Methenamine Working Solution and microwave for 5 minutes at 45°C.
        2. Check microscopically for adequate development.
        3. If additional incubation is required, return slides to warm silver solution. Recheck at 3-5 minute intervals.
    1. Rinse in three to four changes of distilled water.
        1. Never use tap water at this step.
    1. Tone in Solution E: Gold Chloride 0.1%, Aqueous until sections turn gray; 10-30 seconds.
    2. Rinse well in distilled water.
    3. Remove unreduced silver in Solution F: Sodium Thiosulfate 2%, Aqueous for 2 minutes.
    4. Wash in running tap water for 5 minutes; rinse in distilled water.
    5. Counterstain in Solution G: Light Green SF Yellowish Stain 0.2%, Aqueous for 2 minutes.
    6. Dehydrate quickly in two changes each of 95% and 100% ethyl alcohol. Clear in three changes of xylene, 10 dips each; coverslip with compatible mounting medium.



Aspergillus Sharply outlined in black
Candida Sharply outlined in black
Histoplasma Sharply outlined in black
Background Green



    1. Acid clean all glassware/plasticware (Part 12086) and rinse thoroughly in several changes of distilled water.
    2. Plastic (Part 5500), plastic-tipped or paraffin coated metal forceps must be used with any silver solution to prevent precipitation of silver salts. No metals of any kind should be in contact with any silver solution. Only glass thermometers should be used.
    3. Maintain solution between 45°C-60°C to minimize precipitate.
    4. Drain slides after each step to prevent solution carry over.
    5. Do not allow sections to dry out at any point during procedure.
    6. The suggested microwave procedure has been tested at Newcomer Supply.  This procedure is a guideline and techniques should be developed for use in your laboratory.
    7. If using a xylene substitute, follow manufacturer’s recommendation for deparaffinization and clearing steps.



    1. Carson, Freida L., and Christa Cappellano. Histotechnology: A Self-Instructional Text. 5th Chicago: ASCP Press, 2020. 221-226.
    2. Grocott, R G, “A Stain for Fungi in Tissue Sections and Smears using Gomori Methenamine Silver Nitrate Technic”. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 25 (1955): 975-979.
    3. Koski, John. “Silver Methenamine Borate (SMB): Cost Reduction with Technical Improvement in Silver Nitrate-Gold Chloride Impregnations.” The Journal of Histotechnology 3 (1981): 115-119.
    4. Sheehan, Dezna C., and Barbara B. Hrapchak. Theory and Practice of Histotechnology. 2nd ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 1980. 245-246.
    5. Modifications developed by Newcomer Supply Laboratory.