Bielschowsky, Lester-King Modified Stain Kit

bielschowsky neurological stain kit lester king mod

Product Options:

Part # 9154A250ml kit $316.50H

 

  

KIT INCLUDES:      

    Part 9154A
Solution A: Silver Nitrate 20%, Aqueous 250 ml
Solution B: Ammonium Hydroxide 28-30%, ACS 100 ml
Solution C: Developer   25 ml
Solution D: Sodium Thiosulfate 5%, Aqueous 250 ml

 

COMPLIMENTARY POSITIVE CONTROL SLIDES: Enclosed with this kit are two complimentary unstained positive control slides to be used for the initial verification of staining techniques and reagents.  Verification must be documented by running one Newcomer Supply complimentary positive control slide along with your current positive control slide for the first run. Retain the second complimentary control slide for further troubleshooting, if needed.

Individual stain solutions and additional control slides may be available for purchase under separate part numbers .

Additionally Needed:

Hydrochloric Acid 5%, Aqueous Part 12086 (for acid cleaning glassware)
Xylene, ACS Part 1445
Alcohol, Ethyl Denatured, 100% Part 10841
Alcohol, Ethyl Denatured, 95% Part 10842

 

For storage requirements and expiration date refer to individual bottle labels.

 

APPLICATION:

Newcomer Supply Bielschowsky, Lester King Modified Stain Kit procedure is used to demonstrate nerve fibers, neurofibrils/tangles, senile plaques and axons.  This stain can be instrumental in the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological disorders.

 

METHOD:

Fixation: Formalin 10%, Phosphate Buffered (Part 1090

Technique:  Paraffin sections cut at 6-8 microns

Solutions:  All solutions are manufactured by Newcomer Supply, Inc.

All Newcomer Supply Stain Kits are designed to be used with Coplin jars filled to 40 ml following the staining procedure provided below.  Some solutions in the kit may contain extra volumes.

 

PRESTAINING PREPARATION:

  1. All glassware/plasticware must be acid cleaned prior to use.
    1. See Procedure Notes #1 and #2.
  2. Preheat Coplin jar of Solution A: Silver Nitrate 20%, Aqueous in water bath to 37°C.
  3. Preheat two Coplin jars of distilled water in 37°C water bath.
    1. Save for slide rinsing/holding in Steps #6 and #9.

 

STAINING PROCEDURE:

  1. Deparaffinize sections thoroughly in three changes of xylene, 3 minutes each.  Hydrate through two changes each of 100% and 95% ethyl alcohols, 10 dips each.  Wash well with distilled water.
    1.   See Procedure Notes #3 and #4.
  2. Place in preheated Solution A: Silver Nitrate 20%, Aqueous (Step #2) for 15 minutes.
    1.   See Procedure Note #5.
  3. Remove slides from Solution A: Silver Nitrate 20%, Aqueous and hold in preheated distilled water.
    1.   Save Silver Nitrate 20%, Aqueous for Step #7.
  4. Add Solution B: Ammonium Hydroxide 28-30%, ACS drop by drop in saved Silver Nitrate 20%, Aqueous, swirling until precipitate disappears.  Do not go past this point. 
    1.   Approximately 10 ml of Ammonium Hydroxide 28-30%, ACS will be required.   
  5. Place slides back in Silver Nitrate 20%, Aqueous with added Ammonium Hydroxide in 37°C water bath for 10 minutes.
  6. Remove slides and hold in preheated distilled water.
    1.   Save Ammoniacal Silver Solution for Step #10.
  7. Add 1 drop of Solution C: Developer to the saved Ammoniacal Silver Solution with swirling motion.
  1. Return slides to Ammoniacal Silver Solution with added Developer, in 37°C water bath for 5-15 minutes; average time of 6 minutes.
    1. Check slides microscopically at 3 minutes for development of neurons to dark brown. 
    2. Follow with checks at 1 minute intervals to avoid silver over-development.
  2. Rinse thoroughly in distilled water for 5 minutes.
  3. Place in Solution D: Sodium Thiosulfate 5%, Aqueous for 5 minutes.
  4. Rinse thoroughly in tap water.
  5. Dehydrate in two changes each of 95% and 100% ethyl alcohol. Clear in three changes of xylene, 10 dips each; coverslip with compatible mounting medium.

 

RESULTS:

Senile plaques, neurofibrils/tangles Dark brown to black
Neurons Dark brown
White and gray matter Yellowish brown
Nerve fibers, axons Brown to black

 

PROCEDURE NOTES:

  1. Acid clean all glassware/plasticware (Part 12086) and rinse thoroughly in several changes of distilled water.  Cleaning glassware with bleach is not equivalent to acid washing.
  2. Plastic (Part 5500), plastic-tipped or paraffin coated metal forceps must be used with silver solutions to prevent precipitation of silver salts.  No metals of any kind should come in contact with silver solutions. Only glass thermometers should be used.
  3. Drain staining rack/slides after each step to prevent solution carry over.
  4. Do not allow sections to dry out at any point during staining procedure.
  5. A maximum of 8 slides per 40 ml of Solution A: Silver Nitrate 20%, Aqueous is recommended for proper silver development.
  6. If using a xylene substitute, closely follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for deparaffinization and clearing steps.

 

REFERENCES:

  1. Carson, Freida L., and Christa Hladik Cappellano. Histotechnology: A Self-instructional Text. 4th ed. Chicago: ASCP Press, 2015. 196-199.
  2. King, Lester. “The Impregnation of Neurofibrils”. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 14.1 (1941). 59-68.
  3. Modifications developed by Newcomer Supply Laboratory.